Ciarrochi, J. Sahdra, B., Hayes, S.C., Hofmann, S.G., Sanford, B., Stanton, C., Yap, K., Fraser, M.I., Gates, K., Gloster, A.T. (2024). A personalised approach to identifying important determinants of well-being. Cognitive Therapy and Research

Ciarrochi, J. Sahdra, B., Fraser, M., Hayes, S.C., Yap, K., Gloster, A. (2024). The compassion connection: Experience sampling insights into romantic attraction. Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science,32.

Westhoff, M., Heshmati, S., Siepe, B., Vogelbacher, C. , Ciarrochi, J., Hayes, S.C., & Hofmann, S.G. (2024). Psychological flexibility and cognitive-affective processes in young adults’ daily lives. ScientificReports,14(1),1-12.

Hernandez, C., Ferrada, M., Ciarrochi, J., Quevedo, S., Garces, J., Hansen, R., Sahdra, B (2024). The cycle of solitude and avoidance: a daily life evaluation of the relationship between internet addiction and symptoms of social anxiety. Frontiers of Psychology, 15, 1337834.

Ong, C, Ciarrochi, J., Hofmann, S., Karekla, M., Hayes, S.C(in press). Through the extended evolutionary meta-model, and what ACT found there: ACT as a process-based therapy. Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science. 

Sahdra, B., Ciarrochi, J., Klimczak, K., Krafft, J., Hayes, S.C., Levin, M. (2024). Testing the applicability of idionomic statistics in longitudinal studies: The example of “doing what matters.” Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science, 32

Gloster, A., Nadler, B., Block, V. Haller, E., Rubel, J., Benoy, C, Villanuava, J., Bader, K., Walter,M. Lang, U., Hofmann, S.G., Ciarrochi, J., & Hayes, S.C.(2014). Wen average isn’t good enough: Identifying meaningful subgroups in clinical data. Cognitive Therapy and Research.

 Hekmati, H, Ranjbar, H. Ciarrochi, J., Laghyaei,M., Razaei,H, Eskin, M. (in press). Psychometric properties and measurement variance of the Multidimensional Psychological Flexibility Inventory-Persion (MPFI-P): An extensive investigation of long and short versions in community and clinical samples. Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science


Hayes, S.C., Hofmann, S.G., and Ciarrochi, J. (2023) The idionomic future of cognitive behavioral therapy: What stands out from criticisms of ACT. Behavior Therapy

Sahraian, K., Ranjbar, H, Jahromi, B., Cheung, H.M., Ciarrochi, J.Asgarabad, M. (in press). Effectiveness of mindful self-compassion therapy on psychopathology symptoms, psychological distress and life expectancy in infertile women treated with in vitro fertilization: A two-arm double-blind parallel randomized controlled trial. BMC Psychiatry.

Kaufmann, S. , Ciarrochi, J., Yap, K., Fraser, M.I. (2023). Perceived parenting style and adolescent self-compassion: A longitudinal, within-person approach. Mindfulness. 

Li, W., Beath, A., Ciarrochi, J., and Fraser, M. (2023). Gender based adolescent self-compassion profiles and the mediating role of nonattachoment on psychological well-being. Current Psychology.

Sahdra, B., Ciarrochi, J., Fraser, M, Yap, K, Haller, E., Hayes, S, Hofmann, S, Gloster, A. (2023). The compassion balance: Understanding the interrelation of self- and other-compassion for optimal well-being.Mindfulness.

Marsh, H., Guo, J, Pekrun, R., Basarkod, G., Dicke, T., Reeve, J., Craven, R., Ciarrochi, J., Sahdra, B., Devine, E. (2023). Peer victimization: An integrative review and cross-national test of a tripartite model. Educational Psychology Review, 35,46.

Allison, K., Patterson, P., McDonald, F., Biggy, K., Ciarrochi, J., Tracey, D., Hayes, L., Wright, A. Kongings, S., Davis, E., Hulbert-Williams, N., Wakefield, C., White., K. (2023).Truce: Feasibility and acceptability of an Acceptance and Commitment-based intervention for adolescents and adults impacted by parental cancer. Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science, 28,91-101.

Marsh, H., Fraser, M., Rackhimov, A, Ciarrochi, J., Guo, J. (2023). The bifactor structure of the self-compassion scale: Bayesian approaches to overcome Exploratory Structural Equation Modeling (ESEM) limitations. Psychological Assessement, 35, 674-691.

Brockman, R., Ciarrochi, J., Parker, P., Kashdan, T. (2023). Behaving versus thinking positively: When the benefits of cognitive reappraisal are contingent on satisfying basic psychological needs. Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science, 120-125.

Donald, J., Ciarrochi, J., Guo, J. (2022). Connected or cutoff? A 4-year longitudinal study of the links between adolescents compulsive internet use and social support. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin. 

Parker, P., Sanders, T., Anders, J., Shure, N., Jerrim, J., Noetel, M., Parker, P., Ciarrochi, J. & Marsh, H. (2023). School socioeconomic status context and social adjustment in children. Developmental Psychology, 59,15-29.

Marsh, H., Reeve, Johnmarshall, Guo, J., Pekrun, R., Parada, R., Parker, P., Basarkod, G., Craven,R.,  Jang, Hye-Ryen, Dick, T., Ciarrochi, J. , Sahdra, B., Devine, E., &Cheon, S. (2023)  Overcoming limitations in peer-victimization research that impedes successful intervention: Challenges and new directions. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 18,812-828.

Guo, J., Basarkod, G., Perales, F., Parker, P., Marsh, H., Donald, ,J., Dicke, T., Sahdra, B., Ciarrochi, J., Hu, X, Lonsdale, C, Sanders, T., and Cruz, B. (in press). The equality paradox: Gender equality intensifies male advantages in adolescent subjective well-being. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin.  

Ciarrochi, J., Hayes, L, Quinlen, G, Sahdra, B, Ferrari, M, Yap, K. (in press). Letting go, creating meaning: The role of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy in helping people confront existential concerns and lead a vital life.IN Menzies, R.G., Menzies, R.E., Dingle, G. Existential concerns and cognitive-behavioral procedures. An integrative approach. Switzerland: Springer Nature.  

Baskarod, G., Ciarrochi, J., Sahdra, B. (in press). Six ways to well-being. A new measure of well-being enhancing behavior. In O.N. Medvedeve, C.U. Krageloh, R.J., Siegert, N.N. Singh, (eds). Handbook of assessment in mindfulness research. Springer Nature.

Hayes, S.C., Ciarrochi, J. , Hofmann, S.G., Chin, F.,  & Sahdra, B. (in press). Evolving an idionomic approach to processes of change: Towards a unified personalized science of human improvement. Behaviour Research and Therapy


Devine, E.K., Elphinstone, B., Ciarrochi, J., & Sahdra, B.K. (2022). Nonattachment Scale (NAS). In Medvedeve O.N., Krageloh, C.U., Siegert, R.J., Singh N.N. (eds) Handbook of Asessement in Mindfulness Research. Springer, Cham. 

Ciarrochi, J., Sahrda, B., Hofmann, S., & Hayes, S.C. (2022). Developing an item pool to assess processes of change in psychological interventions. The process-based assessment tool (PBAT). Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science,23, 200-213.

Sanford, B.T., Ciarrochi, J.,  Hofmann, S.G., Gates, K.M., & Hayes, S.C. (2022). Toward empirical process-based case conceptualization: An idionomic network examination of the process-based assessment tool. Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science,25, 10-25.

Peterson, J., Hayes, L., Gillard, D., & Ciarrochi, J. (2022). ACT for children and adolescents. In Twoig, M.P., Levin, M.E>, & Petersen, J.M. (Eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy. Oxford University Press.

Ciarrochi, J., Hayes, S., C., Oades, L.G., & Hofmann, S.G. (2022). Toward a unified framework for positive psychology interventions: Evidence-based processes of change in coaching, prevention, and training. Frontiers in Psychology, 12.

Ferrari, M, Ciarrochi, J, Sahdra, B., & Hayes, S.C. (2022). Embracing the complexity of our inner worlds: Understanding the dynamics of self-compassion and self-criticism. Mindfulness,13,1652-1661

Sahdra, B.K., Ciarrochi, J. , Basarkod, G., Dicke, T., Guo, J., Parker, P.D., & Marsh, H.W. (2022). High school students’ tenacity and flexibility in goal pursuit linked to life satisfaction and achievement on competencies tests. Journal of Educational Psychology, 114, (3), 622-636.

Schellekens, M., Ciarrochi, J., Dillon, A., Sahdra, B., Brockman, R., Mooney, J., Parker, P. (2022). The role of achievement, gender, SES, location and policy in explaining the Indigenous gap in high-school completion. British Educational Research Journal,38,730-750

Donald, J.N., Ciarrochi, J., & Sahdra, B.K. (in press).The consequences of compulsion: A four-year longitudinal study of compulsive internet use and emotion regulation difficulties. Emotion, 22,678-689

Ciarrochi, J., Hayes, L., Sahdra, B. (2022). Understanding and improving emotion regulation: Lessons from psychological science and the humanities. In Handbook of Positive Psychology on the Arts and Humanities: Theory and Research. Oxford University Press

Ciarrochi, J. Hayes, S., Hayes,L, Sahdra, B.,Ferrari, M., Yap, K, & Hofmann, S. (2022). From package to process. An evidence-based approach to processes of change in psychotherapy. Chapter in G. Asmundson (ed.) Comprehensive Clinical Psychology (2nd ed., Vol 1).(pp 26-44). New York: Elsevier.


Hayes, S., Merwin, R., Mchugh, L., Sandoz, E., A-Tjak, J., Ruiz, F., Barnes-Holmes, D., Bricker, J., Ciarrochi, J., Dixon, M., Fung, K, Gloster, A., Gobin, R., Gould, E., Hofmann, S., Kasujja, R. , Karela, M., Luciano, C., McCracken, L. Report of the ACBS task force on the strategies and tactics of contextual behavioral science research (2021). Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science, 20. 172-183.

Bradshaw, E.L., Sahdrea, B.K., Ciarrochi, J. and Parker, P. (2021). A configural approach to aspirations: The social breadth of aspiration profiles predicts well-being over and above the intrinsic and extrinsic aspirations that comprise the profiles. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology,120,226-256. 

Ciarrochi, J. (2021). The coming revolution in intervention science: From Standardized protocols to personalized processes. World Psychiatry,20, 385-386.


Donald, J. Ryan, R., Devine, E., Sahdra, B., Ciarrochi, J. (2020). Mindfulness and its association with varied types of motivation: A systematic review and meta-analysis using self-determination theory. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin,46,1121-1138

Hayes, S.C., Hofmann, S.G., Ciarrochi, J. (2020). A process-based approach to psychological diagnosios and treatment: The conceptual and treatment utility of an extended evolutionary model. Clinical Psychology Review, 82.

Marshall, J., Ciarrochi, J., Parker, P. & Sahdra, B.(2020) Is self-compassion selfish? The development of self-compassion, empathy, and prosocial behavior in adolescence. Journal of Research in Adolescence.30,472-484.

Williams, K., & Ciarrochi, J. (2020). Perceived parenting styles and values development: A longitudinal study of adolescents adn emerging adults. Journal of Research on Adolescence,30,541-558.

Whiting, D., Deane, F., Mcleod, H., Ciarrochi, J., & Simpson, G. (2020). Can Acceptance and Commitment Therapy facilitate psychological adjustment after a severe traumatic brain injury? A pilot randomized trial. Neuropsychological Rehabilitation, 22,230-240

Ciarrochi, J., Sahdra, B., Yap, K., and Dicke, T. (2020). The role of nonattachment in the development of adolescent mental health: A three-year longitudinal study. Mindfulness.11,2131-2139.

Sahdra, B., Ciarrochi, J., Parker, P., Brockman, R., Devine, E., Conigrave, J., & Chang, D. (2020) Discrimination as a frame-of-reference effect in overlapping friendship communities of ethnically diverse youth. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology.26,71-81

Hayes, S.C., Hofmann, S.G., Ciarrochi, J. (2020). Building a process-based diagnostic system: An extended evolutionary approach. In Hayes, S.C. & Hofmann, S.G., Beyond the DSM: Toward a Process-based Alternative for Diagnosis and Mental Health Treatment. Oakland, CA: Context Press.

Hayes, S., Hofmann, S., Ciarrochi, J. (2020). Creating an alternative to syndromal diagnosis: Needed features of processes of change and the models that organize them. . In Hayes, S.C. & Hofmann, S.G., Beyond the DSM: Toward a Process-based Alternative for Diagnosis and Mental Health Treatment. Oakland, CA: Context Press.


Noetel, M., Lonsdale, C., Sahdra, B., & Ciarrochi, J. (in press). Using genetic algorithms to abbreviate the mindfulness inventory for sport: A substantive-methodologiucal synthensis. Psychology of Sport and Exercise.

Maluolo, M., Deane, F., & Ciarrochi, J. (2019). Parental authoritativeness, social support, and help-seeking for mental health problems in adolescents. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 48 1056-1067

Ciarrochi, J., Sahdra, B., Hawley, P.Divine, E (2019). The upsides and downsides of the darkside. A longitudinal study into the role of prosocial and antisocial strategies in close friendship formation. Frontiers in Psychology, 10

Donald, J., Ciarrochi, J., Parker, P., Sahdra, B. (2019). Compulsive internet use and the development of self-esteem and hope: A four-year longitudinal study. Journal of Personality,87,981-995.

Hayes, S.C., Hofmann, S.G., Stanton, C.E., Carpenter, J.K.,Sanford, B.T., Curtis, J.E., & Ciarrochi, J. (2019). The role of the individual in the coming era of process-based therapy. Behaviour Research and Therapy,117,40-53.

Donald, J., Sahdra, B., Van Zanden, B, Duineveld, J., Atkins, P., Marshall, S. & Ciarrochi, J. (in press). Does your mindfulness benefit others? A systematic review of the link between mindfulness and prosocial behavior. Journal of Personality.

Ryan, W., Conigrave, J., Baskarod, G, Ciarrochi, J. & Sahdra, B., (2019). When is it good to use wristband devices to measure HRV? Introducing a new method for evaluating the quality of data from photophlethsmography-based HRV devices. PsyArXiv.


Noetel, M. , Ciarrochi, J., Zandan, B, Lonsdale, C. (2017). Mindfulness and acceptance approaches in sporting performance enhancement. A systematic review. International Review of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 1-37

Atkins, P. , Ciarrochi, J., Gaudiano, B., Bricker, J., Donald, J., Rovner, G., Smout, M., Livheim, F., Lundgren, T., & Hayes, S. (2017). Departing from the essential features of a high quality systematic review of psychotherapy: A response to Ost (2014) and recommendations for improvement. Behaviour Research and Therapy

Sahrdra, B.Ciarrochi, J., Parker, P., Basarkod, G., Bradshaw, E., Baer, R. (2017) . Are people mindful in different ways? Disentangling the quantity and quality of mindfulness in latent profiles and exploring their links to mental health and life effectiveness. European Journal of Personality.

Duineveld, J., Parker, P., Ryan, R., Ciarrochi, J., Salmela-Aro, K. (2017). The link between perceived maternal and paternal autonomy support and well-being across three major educational transitions. Developmental Psychology, 53, 1978-1994.

Ciarrochi, J., Morin, A.J.S., Sahdra, B., Litalien, D., & Parker, P.D. (2017). A longitudinal person-centered perspective on youth social support: Relations with psychological wellbeing. Developmental Psychology, 53,1154-1169

*********Supplementary materials for a longitudinal person-centered perspective on youth social support…….

Gloster, A.T.,Klotsche, J., Ciarrochi, J., Eifert, G., Sonntag, R., Wittchen, H.U., Hoyer, J. (2017). Increasing valued behaviors precedes reduction in suffering: Findings from a randomized controlled trial using ACT. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 64-71.

Morin, A.J.S., Arens, A.K., Maiano, C., Ciarrochi, J., Tracey, D., Parker, P.D., & Craven, R.G. Reciprocal relationships between teacher ratings of internalizing and externalizing beahviors in adolescents with different levels of cognitive abilities. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 46, 801-825.

Morin, A.J.S., Arens, A.K., Maiano, C., Ciarrochi, J., Tracey, D., Parker, P.D., & Craven, R.G. (in press). Self-esteem trajectories and their social determinants in adolescents with different levels of cognitive ability. American Journal of Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities.

Whiting, D., Deane, F., Simpson, G., Ciarrochi, J., Mcleod, H. (2017). Acceptance and commitment therapy delivered in a dyad after a severe traumatic brain injury: A feasibility study. Clinical Psychologist, 1-11.

Ciarrochi, J. and Hayes, L. (2016). Mindfulness-based social and emotional learning: a new approach to promoting positive development in young people.Scan:Online Journal for Educators, 35, 37-46.

Haines, S., Gleeson, J., Kuppens, P., Hollenstein, , T., Ciarrochi, J., Labuschagne, I., Grace, C., Koval, P. (2016). The wisdom to know the difference. Emotion regulation strategy-situation fit in daily life is associated with well-being. Psychological Science Emotion regulation, contextual effects, daily diary

Brockman, R., Ciarrochi, J., Parker, P., Kashdan, T. (2016). Emotion regulation strategies in daily life: mindfulness, cognitive reappraisal and emotion suppression. Cognitive Behavior Therapy. Emotion regulation, contextual effects.Daily diary

Ciarrochi, J., Parker, P., Sahdra, B., Kashdan, T., Kiuru, N., Conigrave, J. (2016). When empathy matters. The role of sex and empathy in close friendships. Journal of Personality Empathy, perspective taking, friendship


Ciarrochi, J., Atkins, P., Hayes, L., Sahdra, B., Parker, P. (2016). Contextual positive psychology: Policy recommendations for implementing positive psychology into schools. Frontiers of Psychology, 7, 1561.

Grossman, I., Sahdra, B., Ciarrochi, J. (2016). A heart and a mind: Self-distancing facilitates the association between heart rate variability and wise reasoning. Frontiers of Behavioral Neuroscience,10 Heart rate variability, defusion, wise reasoning

Williams, V., Deane, F., Oades, L., Crow, T., Ciarrochi, J., & Anderson, R. (2016). Enhancing recovery orientation within mental health services: Expanding the utility of values. The Journal of Mental Health Training, Education, and Practice, 11, 23-32. Values Promotion

Sahdra, B., Ciarrochi, J., Parker, P., Scrucca, L. (2016). Using genetic algorithms in a large nationally representative American sample to abbriviate the Multidimensional Experiential Avoidance Questionnaire.Frontiers of Psychology, 7: 189. Experiential avoidance

Williams, V., Deane, F. P., Oades,L., Crowe, T., Ciarrochi, J., and Andersen, R. (2016). A cluster-randomized control trial of values-based training to promote autonomously held recovery values in mental health workers. Implementation Science,11,13

Ciarrochi, J., Brockman, R., Duiguid, J., Parker, P. (2016). Measures that make a difference: Optimizing psychological measurement to promote well-being and reduce suffering. In Zettle, R., Hayes, S., Biglan, T., and Barnes-Holmes, D. (Eds.). Handbook of contextual behavioral science (pp. 320-347). John Wiley and Sons, Malden, USA. Measuring process of change in interventions

Sahdra, B., Ciarrochi, J, & Parker, P. (2016). Nonattachment and mindfulness: Related but distinct constructs. Psychological Assessment, 28, 819-829. Mindfulness

Ciarrochi, J., Parker, P., Sahrdra, B., Marshall, S., Jackson, C., Gloster, A, & Heaven , P. (2016). The development of compulsive internet use and mental health: A four year study of adolescence. Developmental Psychology, 52, 272-283. Internet addiction in youth

Tapsell, L., Thorne, R., Batterham, M., Russell, J., Ciarrochi, J., Peoples, G., Lonergan, M., Martin, A. (2016). Feasibility of a community based interdisciplinary lifestyle intervention trial on weight loss (the Health Track study). Nutrition & Dietetics, 73, 321-328. Acceptance and Commitment Therapy and promotion of weight loss

Huskees, L., Ciarrochi, J., Parker, P., & Heaven, P. (2016). Is belief in god related to differences in adolesents’ psychological functioning. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 55, 40-53. Spirituality and well being

Rowsell, C., Ciarrochi, J., Deane, F., & Heaven, P. (2016). Emotion identification skill and social support during adolescence: A three year longitudinal study. Journal of Research in Adolescence, 26, 115-125. Emotion identification skill, social support.


Patteson, P., McDonald, F., Ciarrochi, J., Hayes, L., Tracey, D., Wakefiled, C., White, K. (2015). A study protocol for truce: A pragmatic controlled trial of a seven-week Acceptance and Commitment Therapy program for young people who have a parent with cancer. BMC Psychology, 3, 31. ACT for youth

Sahdra, B.K., Ciarrochi, J., & Parker, P.D. (2015). High-frequency heart rate variability linked to affiliation with a new group. PLOS ONE. e0129583 Biological flexibility & Social Connection.

Whiting, D., Deane, F., Simpson, G., McLeod, H., & Ciarrochi, J. (2015). Cognitive and psychological flexibility after a traumatic brain injury and the implications for treatment in acceptance-based therapies: A conceptual review. Neuropsychological Rehabilitation, 10, 1-37. Psychological flexibility and brain injury

McGaffin, B., Deane, F., Kelly, P., Ciarrochi, J. (2015). Flourishing, languishing, and moderate mental health: Prevalence and change in mental health during recovery from drug and alcohole problems. Addiction Research and Therapy, 23, 351-360. Flourishing and addiction.

Ciarrochi, J, Parker, P., Kashdan, T., Heaven, P., & Barkus, E. (2015). Hope and emotional well-being. A six-year longitudinal study to distinguish antecedents, correlates, and consequences. Journal of Positive Psychology, 10, 520-532. Hope

Sahdra, B., Ciarrochi, J., Parker, P., Marshall, S., & Heaven, P. (2015). Empathy and nonattachment independently predict peer nominations of prosocial behavior of adolescents. Frontiers in Psychology, 6. 1-.3389/fpsyg.2015.00263. Nonattachment and prosociality.

Download the 7-item nonattachment measure used in Sahdra, Ciarrochi, et al: Word version. PDF version.

Whiting, D., Deane, F., Ciarrochi, J., Mcleod, H., & Simpson, G. (In press). Validating measures of psychological flexibility in a population with acquired brain injury. Psychological Assessment. Psychological flexibility.

Marshall, S., Parker, D. , Ciarrochi, J. Sahdra, B., Jackson, C., & Heaven, P. (2015). Self-compassion protects against the negative effects of low self-esteem: A longitudinal study in a large adolescent sample. Personality and Individual differences, 116-121. Self-compassion, Self-esteem, and mental health

Parker, P.D., Ciarrochi, J, Heaven, P., Marshall, S., Sahdra, B., and Kiuru, N. (2015). Hope, friends, and subjective well-being: A social network approach to peer group contextual effects. Child Development,86,642-650. Hope, peer group influence, and well-being

Ciarrochi, J., Sahdra, B., Marshall, S., Parker, P., & Horwath, C. (2015). Psychological flexibility is not a single dimension: The distinctive flexibility profiles of underweight, overweight, and obese people. Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science, 236-247. Psychological flexibility, health, weight

Williams, K., Ciarrochi, J., & Heaven, P. (2015). Relationships between valued action and well-being across the transition from high school to early adulthood. Journal of Positive Psychology,10, 127-140. Values and Well-being


Veage, S., Ciarrochi, J., & Heaven, P. (2014). Value congruence, importance and success in the workplace: Links with well-being and burnout amongst mental health practitioners, 258-264. Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science. Value clarification and well-being

Kashdan, T., Goodman, F., Machell, K., Klieman, E., Ciarrochi, J., Nezlek, J. (2014). A contextual approach to experiential avoidance and anxiety. Evidence from an experimental interaction and daily interactions of people with Social Anxiety Disorder. Emotion, 14, 769-781. Character, experiential avoidance, and well-being

Rowsell, C., Ciarrochi, J., Heaven, P., Dean, F. (2014). The role of emotional identification skill in formation of male and female friendships: A longitudinal study. Journal of Adolescence, 37, 103-111. Character, mindfulness, friendship.

Randle M, Miller L, Ciarrochi J & Dolnicar S. (2014) A psychological profile of potential youth mentor volunteers. Journal of Community Psychology,42,3, 338-351..Parenting, positive start to life.

Jackson, C., Loxton, N., Harnett, P., Ciarrochi, J., Gullo, M. (2014). Original and revised reinforcement sensitivity theory in the prediction of executive functioning: a test of relationships between dual systems. Personality and Individual Differences, 56, 83-88. Character and self-control.

Marshall, S., Parker, P., Ciarrochi, J., Heaven, P. (2014). Is Self-esteem a cause or consequence of social support: A five year longitudinal study. Child Development, 85,1275-1291. Character, Development of social well-being.

Deane, F., Andersen, R., Crowe, T., Oades, L., Ciarrochi, J., Williams, V. (2014). A comparison of two coaching approaches to enhance implementation of a recovery-oriented service model. Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research, 41,, 660-667. Values-based coaching and quality of goal setting and action planning


Ciarrochi, J., Kasdhan, T., & Harris, R. (2013). The foundations of flourishing. In T. Kashdan and J. Ciarrochi, Mindfulness, Acceptance, and Positive Psychology. The Seven Foundations of Well-Being (pp 1-29). Oakland, United States: Context Press

Sun, B., Deane, F. P., Crowe, T. P., Andresen, R., Oades, L. , & Ciarrochi, J. (2013). A preliminary exploration of the working alliance and ‘real relationship’ in two coaching approaches with mental health workers. International Coaching Psychology Review , 8, 6-17 . 

Huskees, L, Heaven, P., and Ciarrochi, J. (2013). The longitudinal relationships between adolescent religious values and personality. Journal of Research In Personality, 47, 483-487. 

Landstra, J., Deane, F., and Ciarrochi, J. (2013). Psychological consequences of cancer screening in HIV,Current Opinion in Oncology 25, 526- 531. 

Parker, P.D., Marsh, H.W., Ciarrochi, J., Marshall, S., & Abduljabbar, A.S. (Accepted, 21st Feburary, 2013). Juxtaposing Math Self-efficacy and Self-concept as Predictors of Long-term Achievement Outcomes. Educational Psychology, 39.29-48. 

Landstra, J., Ciarrochi, J., Deane, F., & Hillman, R. (2013). Identifying and describing feelings and psychological flexibility predict mental health in men with HIV. British Journal of Health Psychology, 18,844-857. Awareness, psychological flexibility, and well-being

Randle M, Miller L, Dolnicar S and Ciarrochi J. (2013) The Science of Attracting New Foster Carers. Child and Family Social Work ,19, 65-75. 

Heaven, P., Ciarrochi, J., Leeson, P., Barkus, E. (2013). Agreeableness, conscientiousness, and psychoticism: Distinctive influences of three personality dimensions in adolescence. British Journal of Psychology, 104, 481-494. 

Feros, D., Lane, L., Ciarrochi, J., Blackledge, J.T. (2013). Acceptance and Commitment Therapy for Improving the Lives of Cancer Patients: A Preliminary Study. Psycho-oncology,22,459-464. 

Williams, V., Oades, L., Deane, F., Corwe, T., Ciarrochi, J., and Andresen, R. (2013). Improving implementation of evidence-based practice in mental health service delivery: protocol for a cluster randomised quasi-experimental investigation of staff-focused values intervention. Implementation Science, 8, 1-10. 

Landstra, J., Ciarrochi, J., Deane, F., Botes, LP., Hillman, RJ. (2013).The psychological impact of anal cancer screening on HIV-infected men. Psycho-oncology, 22, 614-620 .


Ciarrochi, J., & Heaven, P.C.L. (2012). Religious values and the development of trait hope and self-esteem in adolescents. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion., 51, 676-688. Values and well-being

Whiting, D., Simpson, G., McLeod, H., Deane, F., & Ciarrochi, J. (2012). Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) for psychological adjustment after traumatic brain injury: Reporting the protocol for a Randomised Controlled Trial. Brain Impairment., 13, 360-376. ACT and well-being

Heaven, P.C. L. & Ciarrochi, J. (2012). When IQ is not everything: Intelligence, personality, and academic performance at school. Personality and Individual Differences, 54,518-522. Intelligence, openness, values

Landstra, J., Ciarrochi, J., and Deane, F. (2012). Psychosocial aspects of anal cancer screening: a review and recommendations. Sexual Health, 9, 620-627. Health and well-being

Williams, K., Ciarrochi, J., & Heaven, P. (2012). Inflexible Parents, Inflexible Kids: a Six-Year Longitudinal Study of Parenting Style and the Development of Psychological Flexibility in Adolescents, 41,1053-1066. Journal of Youth and Adolescence. Parenting, development of character

Leeson, P, Heaven, P.C.L., Ciarrochi, J. (2012). Revisiting the link between low verbal intelligence and ideology. Intelligence, 40,213-216. Intelligence, Character

Solowij, N., Jones, K., Rozman, M., Davis, S., Ciarrochi, J., Heaven, P., Pesa, N., Lubman, D. Yücel, M. (2012). Reflection impulsivity in adolescent cannabis users: A comparison with alcohol-using and non-substance-using adolescents. Psychopharmacology, 219, 575-586. Character, adolescence

Ciarrochi, J., Heaven, P.C.L., and Skinner, C. (2012). Cognitive ability and health-related behaviours during adolescence: A prospective study across five years. Intelligence, 40, 317-324. Intelligence, health

Ciarrochi, J., Randle, M., Miller, L., and Dolnicar, S. (2012). Hope for the future: Identifying the individual difference characteristics of people who are interested in and intend to foster care. British Journal of Social Work 42,7-25. Young people, positive start to life

McLeod, H., & Ciarrochi, J. (2012). The self in Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy. In L. McHugh & I. Stewart (Eds.), The self and perspective taking: Research and applications (pp 161-180). Oakland, CA: New Harbinger Publications, Inc.


Crowe, T. Oades, L. Deane, F.P.,Ciarrochi, J., & Williams , V.C. (2011). Parallel processes in clinical supervision: Implications for coaching mental health practitioners. International Journal of Evidence Based Coaching and Mentoring. Intervention training, 9, 56-66.

Veage, S., Ciarrochi, J., & Heaven, P.C.L. (2011). Importance, Pressure, and Success: Dimensions of Values and their Links to Personality. Personality and Individual Differences, 50, 1180-1185. Character, values

Randle, M.,Miller, L., Dolnicar, S. & Ciarrochi, J. (2011). Heterogeneity among potential foster carers: An investigation of reasons for not foster caring. Australian Social Work, 1-19. Young people, positive start to life

Ciarrochi, J., Kashdan, T., Leeson, P., Heaven, P.C.L., Jordon, C. (2011). On being aware and accepting: A one-year longitudinal study into adolescent well-being. Journal of Adolescence, 34, 695-703. Character, social/emotional well-being, adolescence

Solowij, N; Jones, K.; Rozman, M.; Davis, S.; Ciarrochi, J.; Heaven, P.; Lubman, D.; Yücel, M. (2011). Verbal learning and memory in adolescent cannabis users, alcohol users and non-users. Psychopharmacology, 216, 575-586. Character, Adolescence

Ciarrochi, J., Fischer, D., & Lane, L. (2011). The link between value motives and distress amongst people diagnosed with cancer. Psycho-oncology, 20, 1184-1192. Character, social/emotional well-being, health

Heaven, P.C.L., Ciarrochi, J., & Leeson, P. (2011). Cognitive ability, right-wing authoritarianism, and social dominance orientation: A five-year longitudinal study amongst adolescents. Intelligence, 39, 15-21. Character


Heaven, P., Leeson, P., Ciarrochi, J. (2009). Personality development at school: Assessing a reciprocal influence model of teachers’ evaluations and students’ personality. Journal of Research in Personality, 43, 815-821. Character, social influence, adolescence

Ciarrochi, J., Leeson, P., and Heaven, P. L.C. (2009). A longitudinal study into the interplay between problem orientation and adolescent well-being. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 56, 441-449.Character, social/emotional well-being, adolescence

Ciarrochi, J., & Heaven, P.L.C. (2009). A longitudinal study into the link between adolescent personality and peer-rated likeability and adjustment: Evidence of gender differences. Journal of Research in Personality, 43, 978-986. Character, social perception, adolescence

Heaven, P., Ciarrochi, J., and Leeson, P. (2009). The longitudinal links between shame and increasing hostility during adolescence. Personality and Individual Differences, 47, 841-844.Social/emotional well-being, adolescence

Lindsay, J. & Ciarrochi, J. (2009). Substance abusers report being more alexithymic than others but do not show emotional processing deficits on a performance measure of alexithymia, Addiction Research and Theory, 17, 315-321. Character, social/emotional well-being

Ciarrochi, J. V. and Bilich-Erich, L (2009). Promoting social intelligence using the experiential role-play method. In J. T. Blackledge, J. V. Ciarrochi & F. P. Deane (Eds.), Acceptance and commitment therapy: contemporary theory research and practice (pp. 247-262). QLD, Australia: Australian Academic Press.Character, intervention


Heaven, P., Ciarrochi, J., Vialle, W. Self-nominated peer crowds, school achievement, and psychological adjustment in adolescents: Longitudinal analysis. Personality and Individual Differences, 44, 977-988. Social Context. Social/emotional well-being

Smith, L., Ciarrochi, J., & Heaven, P. C. L.(2008). The stability and change of trait emotional intelligence, conflict communication patterns, and relationship satisfaction: A one-year longitudinal study. Personality & Individual Differences, 45, 738-743. Character, social/emotional well-being

Leeson, P. R., Ciarrochi, J. V. & Heaven, P. C. (2008). Cognitive ability, personality, and academic performance in adolescence. Personality and Individual Differences, 45 (7), 630-635. Character, performance

Heaven, P. L. C. & Ciarrochi, J. (2008). Parental styles, gender, and the development of hope and self-esteem. European Journal of Personality, 22, 707-724. Character, social/emotional well-being, adolescence

Ciarrochi, J., & Heaven, P.C. L. (2008). Learned social hopelessness: The role of explanatory style in predicting social support during adolescence. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 49 (12), 1279-1286. Character, social/emotional well-being, adolescence

Heaven, P. C.L. & Ciarrochi, J. (2008) Parental styles, conscientiousness, and academic performance in high school: A three-wave longitudinal study. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 34, 451-461. Character, performance

Smith, L., Heaven, P.C. L., & Ciarrochi, J. (2008). Trait emotional intelligence, conflict communication patterns, and relationship satisfaction. Personality and Individual Differences, 44, 1314-1325. Character, social/emotional well-being

Ciarrochi, J. ,Heaven, P. C.L., Supavadeeprasit, S. (2008) The link between emotion identification skills and socio-emotional functiong in early adolescence: A one-year longitudinal study. Journal of Adolescence 31 (2008) pp. 564-581. Character, social/emotional well-being, adolescence


Vialle, W., Heaven, P. C. L., and Ciarrochi, J. (2007). On being gifted, but sad and misunderstood: Social, emotional, and academic outcomes of gifted students in the Wollongong Youth Study. Educational Research and Evaluation, 13, 569-586. Gifted, social/emotional well-being, adolescence

Butler, J. and Ciarrochi, J (2007). Psychological Acceptance and Quality of Life in the Elderly. Quality of Life Research, 16, 607-615. Character, social/emotional well-being

Ciarrochi, J., Heaven, P., Davies, F. (2007). The impact of hope, self-esteem, and attributional style on adolescents’ school grades and emotional well-being: A longitudinal study. Journal of Research in Personality, 41, 1161-1178.Character, social/emotional well-being, adolescence

Ciarrochi, J and Heaven, P. (2007). Longitudinal examination of the impact of Eysenck’s psychoticism dimension on emotional well-being in teenagers. Personality and Individual differences, 42,597-608.Character, social/emotional well-being

Heaven, P.C., Ciarrochi, J., Vialle, W. (2007). Conscientiousness and Eysenckian psychoticism as predictors of school grades: A one-year longitudinal study. Personality and Individual Difference, 42, 535-546. Character, performance, adolescence

Heaven, P.C.L. & Ciarrochi, J. (2007). Religious values, personality, and the social and emotional well-being of adolescents. British Journal of Psychology, 98, 681-694. Character, social/emotional well-being, adolescence

Ciarrochi, J., Blackledge, J., Bilich, L., & Bayliss, V. (2007). Improving Emotional Intelligence: A guide to mindfulness-based emotional intelligence training. In J. Ciarrochi and J. Mayer, Applying Emotional Intelligence: A PractitionersGuide. New York: Psychology Press. Intervention


Ciarrochi, J. & Scott, G.(2006). The link between emotional competence and well-being: a longitudinal study. British Journal of Guidance and Counselling, 34, 231-244. Character, social/emotional well-being

Cusack, J., Deane, F. P., Wilson, C. J., & Ciarrochi, J. (2006). Emotional expression, perceptions of therapy, and help-seeking intentions in men attending therapy services. Psychology of Men & Masculinity, 7(2), 69-82. Character, help-seeking

Heaven, P. C., & Ciarrochi, J. (2006). Perceptions of parental styles and Eysenckian psychoticism in youth: A prospective analysis. Personality and Individual Differences, 41(1), 61-70. Character, social/emotional well-being, adolescence

Ciarrochi, J & Godsell, C. Mindfulness-Based Emotional Intelligence: Research and Training. Druskat, V, Sala, F., Mount, G. (Ed). (2006). Linking emotional intelligence and performance at work: Current research evidence with individuals and groups. (pp. 21-52). xlvii, 292 pp. Mahwah, NJ, US: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers. Improving character

Ciarrochi, J. & Blackledge, J. (2006) Emotional intelligence and interpersonal behaviour: A theory and review of the literature. In J. Forgas (ed), Affect in Social Thinking and Behavio (pp 291-310): New York :Psychology Press.Character

Ciarrochi, J. & Blackledge, J. (2006). Mindfulness-Based Emotional Intelligence Training: A new approach to reducing human suffering and promoting effectiveness. In Ciarrochi, J., Forgas, J., & Mayer, J. (Eds.),. Emotional intelligence in everyday life: A Scientific Inquiry.2nd edition. New York: Psychology Press/Taylor & Francis. Improving character

Ciarrochi, J. (2006).The current state of emotional intelligence research: Answers to some old questions and the discovery of some new ones. In Ciarrochi, J., Forgas, J., & Mayer, J. (Eds.),. Emotional intelligence in everyday life: A Scientific Inquiry.2nd edition (pp.251-260). New York: Psychology Press/Taylor & Francis. Defining emotional intelligence

Ciarrochi, J. & Mayer, J. D.. (2006). Claryfying concepts related to emotional intelligence: A proposed glossary. In Ciarrochi, J., Forgas, J., & Mayer, J. (Eds.),. Emotional intelligence in everyday life: A Scientific Inquiry.2nd edition (pp. 261-268).New York: Psychology Press/Taylor & Francis.Defining emotional intelligence

Ciarrochi, J. (2006). Buddhist Practices and Emotional Intelligence: Finding the Convergence. In Nauriyal, D., Drummond, M., & Lal, Y. Buddhist Thought and Applied Psychology: Transcending the Boundaries. Routledge Curzon. Emotional intelligence


Ciarrochi, J., Said, T., & Deane, F. P. (2005). When simplifying life is not so bad: The link between rigidity, stressful life events, and mental health in an undergraduate population. British Journal of Guidance & Counselling, 33(2), 185-197.Character, social/emotional well-being

Bajgar, J., Ciarrochi, J., Lane, R., & Deane, F. (2005). Development of the Levels of Emotional Awareness Scale for Children (LEAS-C). British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 23, 569-586. Character, social/emotional well-being, Young people

LEAS-C Supplimentary materials to help with scoring

The LEAS-C questionnaire

Vialle, W., Heaven, P. C. L. & Ciarrochi, J. (2005) The relationship between self-esteem and academic achievement in high ability students: Evidence from the Wollongong Youth Study. Australasian Journal of Gifted Education, 14, 39-45.Character, performance, adolescence

Ciarrochi, J., Hynes, K., & Crittenden, N. (2005). Can men do better if they try a harder: Sex and motivational effects on emotional awareness. Cognition and emotion., 19, 133-141. Improving Emotional awareness

Ciarrochi, J., Robb, H., & Godsell, C. (2005). Letting a little nonverbal air into the room: Insights from Acceptance and Commitment Therapy. Part 1: philosophical and theoretical underpinnings. Journal of Rational-Emotive & Cognitive-Behavior Therapy, 23, 79-106. ACT

Ciarrochi, J., & Robb, H. (2005). Letting a little nonverbal air into the room: Insights from Acceptance and Commitment Therapy. Part 2: Applications. Journal of Rational-Emotive & Cognitive-Behavior Therapy, 23, 107-130. ACT

Heaven, P. C., Ciarrochi, J., Vialle, W., & Cechavicuite, I. (2005). Adolescent Peer Crowd Self-identification, Attributional Style and Perceptions of Parenting. Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology, 15(4), 313-318. Character, adolescence

Rickwood, D., Deane, F , Wilson, C. ,., & Ciarrochi, J. (2005). Young people’s help-seeking for mental health problems. Australian e-Journal for the Advancement of Mental Health, 4, 1-34. Help-seeking

Robb, H., & Ciarrochi, J. (2005). Some final “gulp” words on REBT, ACT, and RFT. Journal of Rational-Emotive & Cognitive-Behavior Therapy, 23, 169-173. ACT

Rosete, D., and Ciarrochi, J. (2005). Emotional intelligence and its relationship to workplace performance outcomes of leadership effectiveness. Leadership and Organizational Development Journal, 26(5), pp. 388-399 Character, performance

Wilson, C., Dean, F., & Ciarrochi, J. (2005). Can Hopelessness and Adolescents’ Beliefs and Attitudes About Seeking Help Account for Help Negation? Journal of Clinical Psychology, 61,1525-1540. Character, Help-seeking

Wilson, C. J., Deane, F. P., Ciarrochi, J., & Rickwood, D. (2005). Measuring Help-Seeking Intentions: Properties of the General Help-Seeking Questionnaire. Canadian Journal of Counselling Vol 39(1) Jan 2005, 15-28. Character, help-seeking

Ciarrochi, J., & Godsell, C. (2005). Mindfulness-Based Emotional Intelligence: a theory and review of the literature. In R. Shultz & R. Roberts (Eds.), Emotional Intelligence: An International Handbook (pp. 69-90). Cambridge, MA: Hogrefe and Hugar Publishers. Emotional intelligence


Ciarrochi, J., & Forgas, J. (2000). The pleasure of possessions: Affective influences and personality in the evaluation of consumer items. European Journal of Social Psychology, 30, 631-649. Consequences of mood

Ciarrochi, J, Chan, A., & Caputi, P. (2000).A critical evaluation of the emotional intelligence construct. Personality and Individual Differences, 28, 539-561. Character, social/emotional well-being

Forgas, J. & Ciarrochi, J. (2000). Affect infusion and affect control: The interactive role of conscious and unconscious processing strategies in mood management. In Y. Rossetti and A. Revonsuo (Eds.), Beyond dissociation: Interaction between dissociated implicit and explicit processing. Advances in consciousness research. (pp. 243-271). London: Benjamins Press. Consequences of mood

Forgas, J., Ciarrochi, J. & Moylan, S. (2000). Subjective experience and mood regulation: The role of information processing strategies. In H. Bless & J. Forgas (Eds.), The message within: The role of subjective experiences in social cognition and behavior. Philadelphia: Psychology Press. Consequences of mood


Prior to 1999

Herrmann, R.K., Voss, J.F., Schooler, T.Y.E., and Ciarrochi, J. (1997). Images in international relations: An experimental test of cognitive schemata. International Studies Quarterly, 41, 403-433.

Voss, J.F., Wiley, J., Ciarrochi, J., Foltz, P., and Silfies, L. (1996) Race and the representation of discourse. Discourse processes, 22, 103-144.

Ciarrochi, J. V. (1995). A scowl is worth a thousand words: Positive and negative facial expressions automatically prime affectively congruent information in memory. In 17th Annual Cognitive Science Conference Proceedings, Pittsburgh.